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What you should Know before Climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

What you should Know before Climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

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Mount Kilimanjaro is also one of the world’s Seven Summits (the highest mountain peaks on each continent). It’s also the easiest to climb successfully. It’s a non-technical hike that doesn’t require any mountaineering experience.

That said, it’s still a tough hike. You’ll trek for five days or more through a varied landscape up to the summit. You’ll also need to be mentally prepared, fit, and have quality high-altitude clothing and camping gear.

Here’s everything else you need to know about summiting Africa’s highest peak!

WHERE IS MOUNT KILIMANJARO?

Mount Kilimanjaro is located inside Kilimanjaro National Park in the northern part of Tanzania. It lies near the border of Kenya, and you’ll need a permit to enter the park. If you want to climb the mountain, trekkers are required to use an official guide company.

HOW TALL IS MOUNT KILIMANJARO?

Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest freestanding mountain in the world. Its summit, Uhuru Peak, is Africa’s highest peak. It rises to a height of 5,895 meters above sea level and is only 2,950 meters shorter than Mount Everest.

 

What You Should Know Before Climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF KILIMANJARO’S NAME?

No one is sure where the name Kilimanjaro comes from. The most popular theory is that the name is formed from the Swahili word for mountain, “Kilima” and the Chagga word for whiteness, “Njaro”.

A second theory suggests that Kilimanjaro is an incorrect pronunciation of the Chagga phrase “we failed to climb it”.

FACTS ABOUT MOUNT KILIMANJARO’S ECOLOGY

Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano. It has three volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Shire, and Kibo. The only active one is Kibo (the highest peak), but its last major eruption took place more than 360,000 years ago.

One of the things that make Kilimanjaro unique is that it boasts five climate zones. At the base of the mountain is cultivated land and a rainforest characterized by tropical weather. As you ascend the slopes, the landscape turns from health and moorland to an alpine desert. At the summit, you’ll find a glacial zone and the inner crater’s Ash Pit – one of the largest in the world.

WHEN IS THE BEST TIME TO CLIMB KILIMANJARO?

The best time to summit Kilimanjaro is during the dry seasons of January–March, and June–October. The slopes are easier to climb, and you’ll have uninterrupted views of the landscape while you ascend.

If you want to avoid the crowds that climb during the high season (June to September), book your trek between December and March. The weather is colder in the evenings and you’ll have snow on the summit and little rain along the way.

HOW MANY PEOPLE CLIMB MOUNT KILIMANJARO EVERY YEAR?

 

HOW MANY PEOPLE CLIMB MOUNT KILIMANJARO EVERY YEAR?

It’s estimated that 50,000 people attempt to summit Kilimanjaro every year. However, only two-thirds are successful due to altitude sickness and other health problems that cause climbers to turn around.

If you want to improve your chances of successfully climbing the mountain, take your time reaching the summit. The longer your trek, the more time your body has to adapt and acclimatize to the high altitude.

HOW MANY ROUTES DOES KILIMANJARO HAVE?

There are seven official routes for Kilimanjaro. The Lemosho, Shira, Machame, Umbwe, and Marangu routes use the Southern Circuit to summit the mountain via Stella Point. The other two routes (Rongai and the Northern Circuit), ascend from the northeast and use Gilman’s Point to reach the summit.

If you don’t want to camp your way up the mountain, you have to use the Marangu route. It’s the oldest trail up Kilimanjaro and the only one with hut accommodation.

The Mweka Route is used for descent only.

WHO WAS THE FIRST PERSON TO SUMMIT KILIMANJARO?

In 1889, Germans Hans Meter and Ludwig Purtscheller, and a Tanzanian man called Yohana Lauwo became the first documented people to reach the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.

WHO WAS THE YOUNGEST AND OLDEST PERSON TO SUMMIT KILIMANJARO?

The oldest person on written record to summit Mount Kilimanjaro is 85-year old Martin Kafer. The youngest person to successfully climb the mountain is Keats Boyd, a seven-year-old from Los Angeles.

WHAT’S THE FASTEST RECORDED ASCENT FOR MOUNT KILIMANJARO?

The quickest roundtrip is currently held by local guide Simon Mtui. He went up and down the mountain in eight hours and 27 minutes. In 2001, Bruno Brunod summited Uhuru Peak in five hours and 38 minutes. It’s the fastest verified ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro.

CAN PEOPLE WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES SUMMIT MOUNT KILIMANJARO?

In 2007, South African Bernard Goosen climbed Mount Kilimanjaro in six days in his wheelchair. In 2012, Kyle Maynard, who has no arms or legs, traveled up the mountain without any assistance and successfully made it to the top.

 

 

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