Mount Kilimanjaro is home to the best mountain in Africa and also the highest free-standing mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro is formed of 3 volcanoes, Shira within the west (4,269 m) about 14005.91 feets Mawenzi within the east (5,280 m) 17322.83 feet and also the youngest volcano Kibo (5,895m) 19340.551 feet. Shira and Mawenzi area unit extinct and also the last major eruption of Kibo was between 150,000 and 200,000 years past. these days Kibo is dormant however may awaken any day.
The vegetation on the mountain is additionally terribly varied and a few 2,500 species of plants are found here including the endemic and beautiful red and yellow impatiens Kilimanjaro also because of the colorful violet viola. The lower regions of the park are dominated by lush green montane forests with nearly 140 species of trees. a small amount above, distinctive big lobelias grace the moorland zone.
Above 4,000m 13123.36 feet one finds the moonlike desert, where not a lot of grows and the land is filled with rocks and dust. nearer to the summit, hikers are going to be rewarded with stunning sights of glaciers and a deep crater.
Out of the approximately 140 mammal species that live in the park, 87 of them are forest species.
Animals that roll here include elephants, leopards, buffaloes, varies antelopes as well as the rare and vulnerable superior duiker also as primates such as the Black-and-white colobuses monkey and Blue Monkey. additionally, thereto, 24 species of bats and 179 highland bird species have also been noticed within the Mount Kilimanjaro national park.
The majority of tourists to the park are hikers. As is to be expected, all have a similar goal in mind – to create it to Africa’s highest peak. There are seven official routes to settle on from with Marangu being one in every of the simplest routes for inexperienced hikers and those in look for a small amount additional comfort (overnights take place in huts).
The Rongai route is that the quietest route and also the most suitable option if you climb within the rainy season as this a part of the mountain, gets the least precipitation. camping routes include Lemosho, Shira and Machame and all are a bit more difficult however additionally way more scenic. the most demanding however also the least used route is Umbwe. except for Marangu and Rongai, all different routes descend on the Mweka route.
Best Time to Climb Kilimanjaro.
When the Best Time to Climb Kilimanjaro is a curious question who’s anyone wishes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania asked for it. This is due to the fact that climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is finalized by summit its peak for the duration of 5 days to 9 days depends on the route.
Therefore if you will fail to reach the peak you will not be achieved in your dream to Mount Kilimanjaro. The facts are Mount Kilimanjaro National park is very close to the equator, this region does not experience the extremes of winter and summer weather, but rather dry and wet seasons. Therefore, the best time to climb Kilimanjaro tends to be the in warmest season and driest months.
The primary issue is safety, as the risks associated with climbing increase significantly when the weather is foul. The effects of rain, mud, snow, ice and cold can be very strenuous on the body. Correspondingly, your chances of a successful summit also increase significantly with nice weather.
Of course, the mountain gets more foot traffic during these periods as well. Basically, Mount Kilimanjaro can be climbed all year round. Generally, the main tourist seasons are from July to October, then from December to February. These months coincide with the dry season in Tanzania. Many people visit in December. There are two wet periods – the long rainy season and the short rainy season. The long rainy season begins in March and ends in May. The short rainy season is during the month of November. Note that the weather is unpredictable so these time periods will vary from year to year. Sometimes the rains come early, come late, are mild, or are torrential.
A travel period between the peak and off-peak seasons, marking the transition from wet to dry season and vice versa, can be the best times to visit, though climbers are taking a gamble. Because most people avoid the rains, it’s the only time climbers can experience both low crowds on the mountain and good weather.
Of course, you can take a climb in the rainy season. But there is a much higher chance you’ll encounter rain, and the summits of Kibo and Mawenzi are likely to be wreathed in the thick cloud too. Indeed, several agencies even suspend their operations in November and December.
It’s true that visibility is less at this time though we take issue with those companies that say that your chances of reaching the summit are significantly lower too; that simply isn’t the case. True, once every couple of years or so there may be too much snow, blocking you from reaching the summit. But this is rare. So as long as you are dressed for the conditions then, in our experience, you’ve got just as good a chance of getting to the summit.